Mastitis: A type of breast infection that every mother should know about

Advertisement

Breastfeeding is the most essential part of raising a kid. There are various glands in a woman’s breast surviving the alveolar region. The milk-producing glands extend from near the nipple to under the breast area. These ducts are called lactiferous ducts which are like spokes of a wheel surrounding the breast. These ducts fill with milk after the woman has given birth during the lactation period. The mammary glands producing the milk that is attached to the luciferous ducts can extend up to the armpits. Sometimes, the hormonal changes lead to the overproduction of milk, leading to hyper lactation syndrome. But, many times the baby does not feed consistently leading to Mastitis.

lactation mastitis

What is Mastitis?

Mastitis is an infection of the breast that occurs mostly during breastfeeding. Bacteria enters from the baby’s mouth and enters the milk duct through a crack in the nipple. This can further cause infection in the breast. Mastitis most commonly occurs in the first three months of delivery. There are many other causes of Mastitis. Let us know more in detail about the different types of Mastitis.

Types of Mastitis

There are two main types of Mastitis. 

Mastitis due to milk production

Mastitis due to milk production occurs due to two reasons one is due to bacterial infection. The Staphylococcus aureus bacteria usually enters the breast via a crack in the nipples from the baby’s mouth. This bacteria leads to infection. The other is due to milk stasis. Milk stasis happens when there is insufficient emptying of the breast when the baby does not drink milk regularly. The milk build-up within the breast tissue gives a favourable atmosphere for the bacteria to grow and causes infection. 

Chronic Mastitis

Chronic Mastitis occurs in women who are not breastfeeding. This includes women who are postmenopausal. The chronic inflammation of ducts below the nipples leads to mastitis in women. Hormonal changes in the body lead to changes that clog the milk ducts with dead skin cells. These clogged ducts make the breasts more susceptible to infection. The infection does not go away without antibiotic treatment. 

Mastitis symptoms

There are various severe symptoms. Here is a list of symptoms. 

  • Swelling or breast engorgement
  • Itching and redness around the breast tissue
  • Tenderness or a sensation of warmth in the breast
  • Fever
  • A small cut or wound at the nipple area
  • Tenderness under your arm
  • Abscess: Abscess is a complication of mastitis. The abscess lumps occur under the breast which are regular in size
  • Symptoms of more severe infection include a lump that does not become smaller after breastfeeding, puss coming out of nipple, and persistent fever with no improvement in a few days.

Mastitis diagnosis

Mastitis is diagnosed clinically by your doctor. He or she may ask a lot of questions like whether you are lactating or not. How many times does your baby take the feed? When did you notice the lump, whether the lump is getting smaller after breastfeeding or not? From these primary questions, the physician will decide what test he or she needs to run for the diagnosis. If the infection is severe then the doctor will ask you to provide a sample of your milk for culture, from which the type of bacteria to be targeted is isolated. 

Treatment

The treatment varies from antibiotics to a minor surgical procedure. Antibiotics can eradicate the infection and breastfeeding can help resolve the issue fast. The doctor may also prescribe some ibuprofen as a pain reliever. Sometimes, the doctor may suggest a minor surgical procedure for suction and drainage of the clogged milk. The doctor will make a small incision to help drain the abscess. 

Prevention and care

There are certain different ways through which you can prevent mastitis. Here are those ways

So, friends, this is all that I wanted to know about Mastitis. If you know about something else please do let me know in the comments section. 

Himali Parikhhttps://momabc.net
Himali is Parenting Blogger and founder of MomABC.net. She had done M.S in Molecular biology from University of New Haven (US) and was working with various Pharma companies. She had started this motherhood and baby care blog for helping other mothers.

More from author

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Related posts

Advertisment

Pregancy Care

Diabetes and pregnancy

Today majority of people in the world are affected by diabetes. Diabetes can strike anyone and at any age. In the past ten years...

Morning Sickness: 10 Home Remedies for Morning Sickness

Morning Sickness, the most familiar word for all the women who have been pregnant and who are pregnant right now. But, how many of...

4 Simple positions to breastfeed your baby : a huge breastfeeding help

Most of the people believe that the baby recognizes the mother immediately and latches to her breast immediately. But, no this is a total...

Intresting Articles

6 Different reasons breastfeeding is important for you and your baby

Breastfeeding is given utmost importance in the development of a baby and for the health of the mother. After the baby is born immediately...

Baby massage: How to give a good massage to keep your baby healthy

Giving a good massage to your baby has always been recommended by the doctors and also by our elders. It is not only elders,...

Pre pregnancy health tips: Five things you should take care of before getting pregnant

Getting pregnant and starting a new family is a very big responsibility. This is not only a big responsibility for a mother to be,...

Best Tips to Care for your Nipples and Breasts during Pregnancy & Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding is considered to be the most important part of motherhood. Lots of foods are said to increase the milk flow and help in...

Valentine’s day gift for mom: some very good ideas on it.

Valentine’s Day is the occasion where you want to show your love and affection for your spouses and counter parts. The gifts need not...

Want to stay up to date with the latest news?

We would love to hear from you! Please fill in your details and we will stay in touch. It's that simple!

Advertisement